The first pictured movie was from a Frenchman, Emile Reynaud who created in 1877, an animation system of 12 pictures, with a praxynoscope, a device, regarded as the successor to the zoetrope ; and then films of about 500~600 pictures, projected on its own théâtre optique, a system ancestor from the modern film projector, at the Musée Grévin in Paris, in 1892.
The first fully animated film ever made is considered to be Fantasmagorie by Émile Cohl in 1908.
Today, the French Festival d'animation d'Annecy celebrates its fiftieth Anniversary, in France, under the spell and the visions of those early inspirers, but also through the long tradition of previous awarded, like Tim Burton, with "Vincent" in 1982.
Annecy Festival Channel via YouTube.
History of the Animation, "The illusion of motion".